The Functions of Automation and Industrial Robots

The significance of automation and robots in most manufacturing industries is increasing. Industrial robots have replaced individuals inside a wide variety of industries. Robots out perform humans in jobs that require precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick and place), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are widely-used in the diverse array of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.

The ISO meaning of a manipulating industrial robot is "an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator". In accordance with the definition it may be fixed in place or mobile for usage in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in several axes. These are multi-functional pieces of equipment that can be custom-built and designed to perform a various operations.



The main benefits of industrial robots is because they can be designed to suit industry specific requirements and can work continuously for decades, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. Auto life time of an industrial robot is approximately 12-16 years. Because of the persistent accuracy industrial robots have grown to be a vital section of manufacturing.

Industrial robots are categorized into different categories based on their mechanical structure. The most important kinds of industrial robots are:

Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: They are stationary robots having three aspects of motion. They work from an overhead grid with a rectangular work envelope. These are mainly employed to perform 'pick and place' actions. Gantry robots have their axes across the work driving them to also suitable for dispensing applications.
SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes to move. They move in the x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. They are utilised for factory automation requiring pick make work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.
Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It may have from two to ten or even more interactive joints. Articulated robots are very suited to welding, painting and assembly.

Basic industrial robot designs could be customized with the help of different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are crucial add-ons. End effectors will be the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) attached with robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches which can be used to move or assemble parts are examples of end effectors. End effectors are created and employed to sense and interact with the external environment. The end effectors' design is determined by the application requirements with the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. They are built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks employed to control other manufacturing equipment including robotic arms. Machine vision can be used for your inspection of product which including semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are employed to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.

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