The Features of Automation and Industrial Robots

The need for automation and robots in most manufacturing industries continues to grow. Industrial robots have replaced humans in the wide selection of industries. Robots out perform humans in jobs that need precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick and put), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are used in a diverse range of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.

The ISO meaning of a manipulating industrial robot is "an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator". In accordance with the definition it may be fixed available or mobile for usage in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in a variety of axes. These are multi-functional pieces of equipment that could be custom-built and designed to perform a selection of operations.

The major benefits associated with industrial robots is they may be designed to suit industry specific requirements and can work continuously for a long time, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The economic life span of your industrial robot is approximately 12-16 years. Because of their persistent accuracy industrial robots are getting to be variety portion of manufacturing.

Industrial robots are classified into different categories depending on their mechanical structure. The major categories of industrial robots are:

Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: They may be stationary robots having three components of motion. They work from an overhead grid using a rectangular work envelope. They are mainly utilized to perform 'pick and place' actions. Gantry robots have their axes across the work causing them to be also well suited for dispensing applications.
SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes of movement. They move inside an x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. They are utilized for factory automation requiring pick and place work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.
Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It might have from two to ten or maybe more interactive joints. Articulated robots are very well suitable for welding, painting and assembly.

Basic industrial robot designs could be customized by having different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are crucial add-ons. End effectors include the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) attached with robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches that are utilized to move or assemble parts are samples of end effectors. End effectors are made and accustomed to sense and talk with the external environment. The end effectors' design is dependent upon the application form requirements with the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. They're built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks employed to control other manufacturing equipment including robotic arms. Machine vision is used to the inspection of product which including semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are used to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.

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